Meditative Breath – focusing on the expansion and contraction of your chest and stomach.


Quick summary: I am going to explain an easy breathing exercise that will aid in the goals of stress/anxiety reduction, and mindfulness practice. Many have heard that to help facilitate a state of mindfulness (non-judgmentally existing in the present moment with an increased awareness of the moment) it is very helpful to focus on your breathing – to notice and to observe your breath as you ad a degree of intentionality to your breathing patterns. Focusing on your breath can help in the goal of not attending to the thoughts that naturally try and distract you from the moment. The exercise below is perhaps a more complicated way of breathing that requires a bit more attention to master… this added attention can be very helpful for people who have a difficult time with over-thinking while they are trying to engage in meditation or Mindfulness.

This exercise can be done with any set amount of time breathing in or out.

  • I generally feel most comfortable breathing in for 5 seconds and then out for 5 seconds… when I practice for a longer time I typically will extend to 6 or 7 seconds.
    • If 5 seconds is too long for you that is perfectly alright – choose a number that works for you.
    • Consistency is all that is important – you could also choose to breathe in for 5 seconds and out for 7 seconds.
      • Simply do whatever interval you choose with consistency.


The focused breathing ‘body becomes a wave’ exercise

Start by sitting or lying down in a comfortable position with your spine straight and your head comfortably centered – the top of your head should be on the same plain as your spine (try not to have your head tilted up, down or to the side).

Bring your attention to your breath – simply notice and observe how you are currently breathing.

Notice your body – mindfully scan your body with curiosity – you do not need to physically move to do this. Observe your body’s tactile sensations with your mind.

Now begin to add intention to your breathing – Breath in deeply through your nose for five seconds and out for five seconds (or in for 3 and out for 3… or in for 5 and out for 7 – just keep you pattern consistent)

Focus on and follow your breath – observe the sensations as the breath: passes through your nose – touches the back of your throat – travels down your chest – starts to fill your longs – encourages your chest and stomach to gently rise.

As thoughts begin to surface gently allow your attention to move back to following your breath. (Note – this gets easier with practice. Many people’s minds will seem to be like a radio with no off button for the first few weeks that they practice)

  • Allow your thoughts to be separate from your sense of self – allow them to be something that can be observed just like your breath… know choose to observe your breath instead of those thoughts


Be compassionate, accepting and gentle with yourself – notice if you start to judge yourself and your “am I doing this right” thoughts… this is normal, you are perfectly ok … allow the attention back to the breath.

This next part takes more intentionality and can use much of the energy that could otherwise be used for ruminating.


The Wave


Push your abdomen (stomach) out and let this activity pull the breath into your body


let your abdomen sink down again as the breath leaves your body ( focus on the sensation and continue to breath in and out with your consistent breathing pattern – 5 seconds in 5 seconds out etc)

Continue this first part until your feel comfortable and natural with this full belly breathing. (Breathing while expanding and contracting your belly alone can have a very positive impact on reducing anxiety).

Breathe in and when your belly is fully expanded keep breathing in until your upper chest is fully expanded.

  • Allow for your belly to be fully expanded before your begin to allow the breath to expand your chest (note – this can be very difficult – the difficulty can greatly help in reducing those thoughts that “won’t stop”)


Breathe out and contract your upper chest first and as the chest empties – then allow the belly to contract.

  • Try and allow your chest to settle before you allow your belly to recede.


This is like a Wave – belly up – chest up – chest down – belly down – belly up – chest up – chest down – belly down – belly up – chest up – chest down – belly down – belly up – chest up – chest down – belly down

Focus your attention on the breath as it facilitates this rhythmic wave through your body.

  • I enjoy really engaging in the wave and allowing my body to relax as the breath gently creates a nurturing and relaxing wave up and down my body.


Continue for as long as you wish (15 minutes is a good place to start – you might notice that when you first begin your mind barely shuts off for the first 10 minutes).

Another image that I use is imagining by body to be as the ocean when the water meets the sand…. the water gently pushes forward onto the sand as I inhale and gently recedes from the coast as I exhale. This peaceful image gives me something other than my thoughts to focus on.



Why is it important to add mindfulness or breathe work into my life?

  • Happiness, relaxation and satisfaction are available in the moment – often our physiology or our cognitions will direct us towards an emotional disposition that feels less comfortable.
    • Example – If your heart is beating very fast and you are taking short choppy breaths you will likely feel emotionally and physically anxious.
    • Example – You will likely hold anxiety if you are in a perfect environmental setting with loving people who support you and yet your mind is convincing you to attend to thoughts about resentments that you hold from the past, or worries that you hold for the future.


Mindfulness exercises, or exercises which encourage a person to focus there attention on their breathing, greatly assist people in overcoming the tendency to ruminate on the past or the future.

  • When we are thinking about the past or the future we will often have a physiological and emotional reaction to those thoughts.
  • Often we experience a great deal of suffering for events that are not actually happening in the moment – they are happening in our minds.
  • With mindfulness we can learn to live more in the present moment and less in our minds.
  • This makes us happier and it makes us considerably more available to people and things is our present environment.


Breath work naturally reduces your physical anxiety, which in turn reduces your emotional anxiety. 

  • I understand that this seems hard to believe for some people, but if you address the physiological symptoms of anxiety – you directly impact anxiety in general.
  • If your body is relaxed with a steady heartbeat with controlled deep breaths – you will not “feel” anxious.
    • Practice is important – I will not deceive you into believing that you can practice breath work one time and have total control over your anxiety related physiological symptoms – though practicing just one time will help.
    • The more you practice the more effective the exercise will be at calming your thoughts and your body.


I would encourage you to sit down and focus all of your attention on your physiology next time you feel anxious (for this exercise do not try and alter or judge your physiology – instead simply observe).

  • Notice your heart rate – are you flexing any muscles? – are any muscles tight or knotty? – Notice your breathing patterns – are you hot or cold? – How does your stomach feel – what is your facial expression?


Now engage in the exercise and repeat your observation of your physiology – How do you feel?

William Hambleton Bishop is a practicing therapist in Steamboat Springs Colorado.

Mindfulness Exercise – notice your senses without judgment =54321 present


Quick overview: I will be offering my favorite mindfulness exercise that will help you to get into the present moment (as opposed to being in your head, which is usually concerned with the past and the future). The technique is very simple and I call it the senses 5 4 3 2 1 – it probably has many different names (I did not develop it). The point is to try and observe or to notice what your senses are sensing without placing judgment on the stimulus. I tend to use sight, tactile (feeling), and hearing… smell and taste can also be used in more specific settings. You will start by listing 5 things you see, then 5 things that you feel, then 5 things that you hear – then 4 of each… then 3 of each etc.

You can do this exercise anywhere and I prefer to do it in nature. 

I have blog posts concerning why a mindfulness state is great for wellness – click on the mindfulness category to your right and the articles will pop up.

Start by engaging in a breathing exercise (read my blog on breathing if you would like more information)

  • Take a deep breath in for about 5 second and a breath out for about 4 seconds (or whatever taking deep breaths means to you).
  • Notice the feeling of the air as it passes down your throat.
  • Feel the air as it glides in and out of your nose.
  • Let you abdomen (stomach) expand to take in a belly full of air.
  • Notice the touch of your clothes on your skin as your body expands and contracts with your breathing. 

It is your choice in relation to what words your mind uses as you notice a sense. There is no correct way to notice your senses – you are simply asked to notice without placing your individual beliefs, thoughts, feelings, opinions, judgments and/or other automatic reactions etc on the sense.

  • Your words can be sounds.
    •  For wind I often say ‘whhhhshhhuu’ in my head instead of ‘wind’.
  • You can state the color or another objective adjective instead of the object.
    • Ex. you could say ‘green’ or you could say ‘leaf’ for the same stimulus.
  • You may acknowledge without labeling – for feelings I visualize where I am having a sensation without adding an internal narrative
    • Ex. I will visualize my hair instead of saying “wind rustling my hair.”
  • You can be as specific or as un-specific as you choose.
    • you may say ‘ten foot aspen tree with autumn colors’ or simply ‘tree’
  • When judgments and unwanted thoughts pop up… allow them to be… do not resist them… they will pass.


Seeing – Let your eyes scan the environment and list 5 things that you notice without using judgments or other descriptors which are more influenced by your subjective perception (the way you individually and uniquely view the world ex. good is more subjective while ‘purple’ is more objective).

–         Example: tree, blue, little bird, my dog, and path

–         Remember to continue to breath and if a judgment or an unwanted thought comes into your mind – notice it without resistance… as the thought arrived without reason so will it leave without reason if you kindly allow it to be.


Tactile (feel) – Let you awareness turn to what you literally feel (ex. wet, dry, hot) as opposed to what you emotionally ‘feel’ (ex sad, glad, mad). Notice 5 things that your body is sensing.

–         Example: wind on forehead, pulse in my foot, tightness of my belt, moisture in my hair, and dry air on the top of my mouth.

–         Remember to continue to breath and if a judgment or an unwanted thought comes into your mind – notice it without resistance… as the thought arrived without reason so will it leave without reason if you kindly allow it to be.

Audible – turn your awareness to what you hear – sounds in your presence. List 5 things that you hear.

–         Example: the wind rustling the tree, my dog breathing, the crickets hopping in the grass, the air leaving my lips, and the snow falling from the tree.

–         Remember to continue to breath and if a judgment or an unwanted thought comes into your mind – notice it without resistance… as the thought arrived without reason so will it leave without reason if you kindly allow it to be.


You can do this with smell and taste… you will often have to set up the situation differently.

  • Example – eat something and notice its’ different tastes, the texture, the water content – etc.
  • Example – open your refrigerator and close your eyes while smelling some of the food that you have.


You may now continue the exercise this time notice 4 things for each of the three senses…then notice 3 things each… then two…. then one… you are done.

You may use the same sense twice or more if you so desire (you are not required to come up with 45 different senses though you could)

You have just spent a little bit of time doing your breathing exercises –which have been studied to have significant positive impacts on your health (many studies say just 15 minutes a day has a statistically significant positive impact).

You just spent time focusing on the current moment and your current surroundings.


You just learned how to give yourself a moment to notice and to give full appreciation to your senses – sometimes your body knows how you are emotionally feeling before you are aware of those feelings.

You just gave your mind something to do so that you could stop ruminating, or thinking about the past and the future for a little while.


How do you feel? Perhaps it is hard to articulate what a mindful state feels like… is wellness present?


William Hambleton Bishop is a practicing therapist in Steamboat Springs Colorado.

Mindfulness – Why it is helpful and what ‘being in the present moment’ means


Quick summary – Mindfulness is a state of existence in which 100% of your consciousness is on the present moment (as opposed to the past or the future). It is characterized as being a state which is free from judgment in which you engage your environment with a childlike curiosity and innocents – you see the world as novel. The benefits include a greater awareness of the mind-body-spirit connection, reduction in suffering, reducation of stress and anxiety (which tend to be the result of the mind’s fixation on the future or the past) and an ability to experience the present moment with the full richness of your senses. Many would suggest that a state of perpetual mindfulness is the gift of enlightenment.

The observer – who or what is being mindful? Answer these questions to understand what you subjectively believe to be the difference between the thinker and the observer.

 * What or who produces the thoughts in your head?

* Can you control all the thoughts in you head?

* Who is it that is noticing or observing the thoughts and images in your head?

* Are you the creator of your thoughts, the observer of your thoughts, something different (you are the consciousness (or part of a collective consciousness) which is conscious of your existence’s apparent consciousness) both (you create your thoughts and observe them, or neither (your mind (or God or a greater energy etc) creates the thoughts and observes them, and you have no control over either)?

Everyone will answer these questions differently and this process tends to give you insight into your theoretical, philosophical or spiritual orientation.

In a state of Mindfulness you are simply the observer – you accept yourself separate from your mind and body along with all of ‘your’ emotions, judgments, preferences, beliefs, knowledge and character traits etc. (don’t worry you get to keep them if you want them – on my best days I tend to be in a state of mindfulness perhaps 10 – 30 percent of the time depending on my setting and my activity.)

  • In such a sate you are aware of your senses, emotions, and thoughts without being controlled by them.

What’s the point of being present of being mindful?

            To give your self peace from an over functioning mind – I personally have one of those minds that is a bit overactive – I am constantly thinking about random scenarios, creative projects, things to do, blog ideas, future plans, relationship variables or trying to come up with solutions to problems that have little to do with me etc. I have been very fond of mindfulness practices as they quiet my mind so that I can enjoy my current setting as opposed to the constant chatter of my mind.

            To reduce suffering, stress and anxiety – the majority of suffering, stress and anxiety are not actually taking place in this exact current moment (in the present moment). It is the mind which imposes memories of suffering to add conflict to the present moment. It is the mind which tells you what you ‘should do’, ‘have to do’, or ‘didn’t do well’ etc that stirs up stress and anxiety when there is nothing in the present moment to evoke such a response.

            It frees you to see the novelty, beauty and uniqueness of stimuli in your current setting – our mind categorizes our environment for survival purposes – we therefore unconsciously label most things as benign, unimportant, not interesting, ordinary, boring, or uneventful etc and we therefore to not attend to the vast majority of what is happening in our current setting. Being mindful gives you that artistic eye which lets you appreciate the subtle beauty of most everything.

What would be an example of a person experiencing mindfulness?

Children – why do the kids seem to notice the weird looking bug that you almost stepped on, how were they able to find that perfectly heart shaped rock, and why are many of them so happy to stick their hand in and out of the sand for an extended period of time? The answer is that children tend to be very presentthey do not yet have minds filled with chatter about what they should do or could do and their world quite literally is novel to them– and as such, they are much more observant of what is going on (marketing directed towards kids has not helped this – if you take a child to a grocery store they can lose themselves to ‘wanting’ – which is a future focus). Though it might be hard to believe – you too can re-experience the bliss of a childlike view of the world by practicing mindfulness.

Do I have to do all that yoga and meditation? – Though these practices are very helpful and will perhaps augment or enhance your ability to be mindful – you can be mindful without practicing those two disciplines.

  • Both yoga and meditation tend to have the result of creating a state of mindfulness.
  • Practices in which you are focusing on the breath tend to increase mindfulness as your mind is given the task to breath which frees up your consciousness to focus on your surroundings.

How do I ‘not judge” – Observe that your mind in creating judgments and accept that is happening while turning your attention back to observation.

  • Some people with mentally objectify their thoughts as a way of separating their thoughts from the observer – ex. they will imagine their thoughts to be clouds floating through the sky.
  • This is indeed one of the hardest aspects of mindfulness, and most medication practices for that matter.
  • Resistance tends to make things worse – (tell yourself not to think about a certain subject… now your thinking about it).
  •  There is also an inherent double bind– you are judging yourself concerning your ability to avoid judgment.
  • Accept your judgments and free yourself to be separate from them – simply notice them as opposed to reacting to them (resisting your judgments would be a reaction).

“Have I ever been in a state of mindfulness as an adult?” – Most likely you experience multiple moments of mindfulness everyday.

  • Often when people use the word surreal – they are describing a moment of mindfulness.
  • We also tend to be more mindful in situations that are new to us –if you are visiting a culture which is very different from yours.
  • In traumatic or life threatening situations you will likely become hyper sensitive to your environment (though you will sometimes still be controlled by your thoughts and emotions).


My future blogs will offer techniques to help you to arrive in a state of mindfulness.

William Hambleton Bishop is a practicing therapist in Steamboat Springs Colorado.